hibernate - 使用额外列映射多对多关联表

我的数据库包含3个表:用户和服务实体具有多对多关系,并与SERVICE_USER表连接,如下所示:

用户 - SERVICE_USER - 服务

SERVICE_USER表包含其他BLOCKED列。

执行此类映射的最佳方法是什么?这些是我的实体类

@Entity
@Table(name = "USERS")
public class User implements java.io.Serializable {

private String userid;
private String email;

@Id
@Column(name = "USERID", unique = true, nullable = false,)
public String getUserid() {
return this.userid;
}

.... some get/set methods
}

@Entity
@Table(name = "SERVICES")
public class CmsService implements java.io.Serializable {
private String serviceCode;

@Id
@Column(name = "SERVICE_CODE", unique = true, nullable = false, length = 100)
public String getServiceCode() {
return this.serviceCode;
}
.... some additional fields and get/set methods
}

我按照这个例子[http://giannigar.wordpress.com/2009/09/04/m] ...使用-jpa /这是一些测试代码:

User user = new User();
user.setEmail("e2");
user.setUserid("ui2");
user.setPassword("p2");

CmsService service= new CmsService("cd2","name2");

List<UserService> userServiceList = new ArrayList<UserService>();

UserService userService = new UserService();
userService.setService(service);
userService.setUser(user);
userService.setBlocked(true);
service.getUserServices().add(userService);

userDAO.save(user);

问题是hibernate持久存在User对象和UserService。 CmsService对象没有成功

我尝试使用EAGER fetch - 没有进展

是否有可能通过上面提供的映射实现我期望的行为?

也许有一些更优雅的方法可以映射多个到多个连接表和附加列?

3个解决方案
182 votes

由于SERVICE_USER表不是纯连接表,但具有其他功能字段(已阻止),因此必须将其映射为实体,并将用户和服务之间的多对多关联分解为两个OneToMany关联:一个用户具有许多UserServices, 一个服务有很多UserServices。

您没有向我们展示最重要的部分:实体之间关系的映射和初始化(即您遇到问题的部分)。 所以我会告诉你它应该是什么样的。

如果你建立双向关系,你就应该这样做

class User {
    @OneToMany(mappedBy = "user")
    private Set<UserService> userServices = new HashSet<UserService>();
}

class UserService {
    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name = "user_id")
    private User user;

    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name = "service_code")
    private Service service;

    @Column(name = "blocked")
    private boolean blocked;
}

class Service {
    @OneToMany(mappedBy = "service")
    private Set<UserService> userServices = new HashSet<UserService>();
}

如果您没有对您的关系进行任何级联,那么您必须保留/保存所有实体。 虽然只需要初始化关系的拥有方(这里是UserService方),但确保双方的连贯性也是一种很好的做法。

User user = new User();
Service service = new Service();
UserService userService = new UserService();

user.addUserService(userService);
userService.setUser(user);

service.addUserService(userService);
userService.setService(service);

session.save(user);
session.save(service);
session.save(userService);
JB Nizet answered 2019-06-09T04:47:30Z
5 votes

我搜索了一种方法,用xml文件配置中的hibernate映射多对多关联表和多列。

假设有两个表'a'和&amp; 'c'与名为'extra'的列有多对多关联。 因为我没有找到任何完整的例子,这是我的代码。 希望它会有所帮助:)。

首先是Java对象。

public class A implements Serializable{  

    protected int id;
    // put some others fields if needed ...   
    private Set<AC> ac = new HashSet<AC>();

    public A(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public int getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public Set<AC> getAC() {
        return ac;
    }

    public void setAC(Set<AC> ac) {
        this.ac = ac;
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        final int prime = 97;
        int result = 1;
        result = prime * result + id;
        return result;
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
        if (this == obj)
            return true;
        if (obj == null)
            return false;
        if (!(obj instanceof A))
            return false;
        final A other = (A) obj;
        if (id != other.getId())
            return false;
        return true;
    }

}

public class C implements Serializable{

    protected int id;
    // put some others fields if needed ...    

    public C(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public int getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        final int prime = 98;
        int result = 1;
        result = prime * result + id;
        return result;
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
        if (this == obj)
            return true;
        if (obj == null)
            return false;
        if (!(obj instanceof C))
            return false;
        final C other = (C) obj;
        if (id != other.getId())
            return false;
        return true;
    }

}

现在,我们必须创建关联表。 第一步是创建一个表示复杂主键的对象(a.id,c.id)。

public class ACId implements Serializable{

    private A a;
    private C c;

    public ACId() {
        super();
    }

    public A getA() {
        return a;
    }
    public void setA(A a) {
        this.a = a;
    }
    public C getC() {
        return c;
    }
    public void setC(C c) {
        this.c = c;
    }
    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        final int prime = 31;
        int result = 1;
        result = prime * result + ((a == null) ? 0 : a.hashCode());
        result = prime * result
                + ((c == null) ? 0 : c.hashCode());
        return result;
    }
    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
        if (this == obj)
            return true;
        if (obj == null)
            return false;
        if (getClass() != obj.getClass())
            return false;
        ACId other = (ACId) obj;
        if (a == null) {
            if (other.a != null)
                return false;
        } else if (!a.equals(other.a))
            return false;
        if (c == null) {
            if (other.c != null)
                return false;
        } else if (!c.equals(other.c))
            return false;
        return true;
    }
}

现在让我们创建关联对象本身。

public class AC implements java.io.Serializable{

    private ACId id = new ACId();
    private String extra;

    public AC(){

    }

    public ACId getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(ACId id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public A getA(){
        return getId().getA();
    }

    public C getC(){
        return getId().getC();
    }

    public void setC(C C){
        getId().setC(C);
    }

    public void setA(A A){
        getId().setA(A);
    }

    public String getExtra() {
        return extra;
    }

    public void setExtra(String extra) {
        this.extra = extra;
    }

    public boolean equals(Object o) {
        if (this == o)
            return true;
        if (o == null || getClass() != o.getClass())
            return false;

        AC that = (AC) o;

        if (getId() != null ? !getId().equals(that.getId())
                : that.getId() != null)
            return false;

        return true;
    }

    public int hashCode() {
        return (getId() != null ? getId().hashCode() : 0);
    }
}

此时,是时候用hibernate xml配置映射所有类了。

A.hbm.xml和C.hxml.xml(安静相同)。

<class name="A" table="a">
        <id name="id" column="id_a" unsaved-value="0">
            <generator class="identity">
                <param name="sequence">a_id_seq</param>
            </generator>
        </id>
<!-- here you should map all others table columns -->
<!-- <property name="otherprop" column="otherprop" type="string" access="field" /> -->
    <set name="ac" table="a_c" lazy="true" access="field" fetch="select" cascade="all">
        <key>
            <column name="id_a" not-null="true" />
        </key>
        <one-to-many class="AC" />
    </set>
</class>

<class name="C" table="c">
        <id name="id" column="id_c" unsaved-value="0">
            <generator class="identity">
                <param name="sequence">c_id_seq</param>
            </generator>
        </id>
</class>

然后是关联映射文件,a_c.hbm.xml。

<class name="AC" table="a_c">
    <composite-id name="id" class="ACId">
        <key-many-to-one name="a" class="A" column="id_a" />
        <key-many-to-one name="c" class="C" column="id_c" />
    </composite-id>
    <property name="extra" type="string" column="extra" />
</class>

这是要测试的代码示例。

A = ADao.get(1);
C = CDao.get(1);

if(A != null && C != null){
    boolean exists = false;
            // just check if it's updated or not
    for(AC a : a.getAC()){
        if(a.getC().equals(c)){
            // update field
            a.setExtra("extra updated");
            exists = true;
            break;
        }
    }

    // add 
    if(!exists){
        ACId idAC = new ACId();
        idAC.setA(a);
        idAC.setC(c);

        AC AC = new AC();
        AC.setId(idAC);
        AC.setExtra("extra added"); 
        a.getAC().add(AC);
    }

    ADao.save(A);
}
Zhar answered 2019-06-09T04:49:12Z
2 votes

如前所述,使用JPA,为了有机会获得额外的列,您需要使用两个OneToMany关联,而不是单个ManyToMany关系。您还可以添加具有自动生成值的列; 这样,它可以作为表的主键,如果有用的话。

例如,额外类的实现代码应如下所示:

@Entity
@Table(name = "USER_SERVICES")
public class UserService{

    // example of auto-generated ID
    @Id
    @Column(name = "USER_SERVICES_ID", nullable = false)
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private long userServiceID;



    @ManyToOne(fetch = FetchType.LAZY)
    @JoinColumn(name = "USER_ID")
    private User user;

    @ManyToOne(fetch = FetchType.LAZY)
    @JoinColumn(name = "SERVICE_ID")
    private Service service;



    // example of extra column
    @Column(name="VISIBILITY")    
    private boolean visibility;



    public long getUserServiceID() {
        return userServiceID;
    }


    public User getUser() {
        return user;
    }

    public void setUser(User user) {
        this.user = user;
    }

    public Service getService() {
        return service;
    }

    public void setService(Service service) {
        this.service = service;
    }

    public boolean getVisibility() {
        return visibility;
    }

    public void setVisibility(boolean visibility) {
        this.visibility = visibility;
    }

}
ingitaly answered 2019-06-09T04:49:59Z
translate from https://stackoverflow.com:/questions/5127129/mapping-many-to-many-association-table-with-extra-columns