在Android中获取用户GPS背景的最佳方式

这个问题在这里已有答案:

  • 通过Android中的服务获取GPS位置                                     5个答案

在我的Android应用程序中,我希望每隔几分钟获取用户当前位置,并使用Web服务更新到我的中心服务器。目前我正在使用Fused Location Provide获取用户当前位置,请参阅链接

现在我想知道经常获取用户位置和调用Web服务的最佳方法是什么。

下面是我的代码,它给了我用户当前的位置: -

     locationrequest = LocationRequest.create();
     locationrequest.setInterval(10000);
     locationclient.requestLocationUpdates(locationrequest,new com.google.android.gms.location.LocationListener() {

        @Override
        public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
              Log.i(TAG, "Last Known Location :" + location.getLatitude() + "," + location.getLongitude());
        }
    });

现在从哪里我必须调用此代码。我可以在后台服务或其他地方使用它。

请提出你的想法。

TIA。

13个解决方案
27 votes

其余答案都没有使用:

Workable

哪个是融合位置提供商,也是谷歌与融合地点提供商互动的主要切入点,很难找到一个好的例子。 这是由Google于2017年中期发布的。

Google Play服务位置API比Android更受欢迎   框架位置API(android.location)

如果您当前正在使用Android框架位置API,强烈建议您尽快切换到Google Play服务位置API。

要使用Google Location API,请先将其添加到Workable

compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services:11.0.0'

然后你可以使用这个类Workable

import android.location.Location;
import android.os.Looper;
import android.util.Log;

import com.google.android.gms.location.FusedLocationProviderClient;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationCallback;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationRequest;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationResult;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationServices;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationSettingsRequest;

/**
 * Uses Google Play API for obtaining device locations
 * Created by alejandro.tkachuk 
 * alejandro@calculistik.com
 * www.calculistik.com Mobile Development
 */

public class Wherebouts {

    private static final Wherebouts instance = new Wherebouts();

    private static final String TAG = Wherebouts.class.getSimpleName();

    private FusedLocationProviderClient mFusedLocationClient;
    private LocationCallback locationCallback;
    private LocationRequest locationRequest;
    private LocationSettingsRequest locationSettingsRequest;

    private Workable<GPSPoint> workable;

    private static final long UPDATE_INTERVAL_IN_MILLISECONDS = 1000;
    private static final long FASTEST_UPDATE_INTERVAL_IN_MILLISECONDS = 1000;

    private Wherebouts() {
        this.locationRequest = new LocationRequest();
        this.locationRequest.setInterval(UPDATE_INTERVAL_IN_MILLISECONDS);
        this.locationRequest.setFastestInterval(FASTEST_UPDATE_INTERVAL_IN_MILLISECONDS);
        this.locationRequest.setPriority(LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY);

        LocationSettingsRequest.Builder builder = new LocationSettingsRequest.Builder();
        builder.addLocationRequest(this.locationRequest);
        this.locationSettingsRequest = builder.build();

        this.locationCallback = new LocationCallback() {
            @Override
            public void onLocationResult(LocationResult locationResult) {
                super.onLocationResult(locationResult); // why? this. is. retarded. Android.
                Location currentLocation = locationResult.getLastLocation();

                GPSPoint gpsPoint = new GPSPoint(currentLocation.getLatitude(), currentLocation.getLongitude());
                Log.i(TAG, "Location Callback results: " + gpsPoint);
                if (null != workable)
                    workable.work(gpsPoint);
            }
        };

        this.mFusedLocationClient = LocationServices.getFusedLocationProviderClient(MainApplication.getAppContext());
        this.mFusedLocationClient.requestLocationUpdates(this.locationRequest,
                this.locationCallback, Looper.myLooper());
    }

    public static Wherebouts instance() {
        return instance;
    }

    public void onChange(Workable<GPSPoint> workable) {
        this.workable = workable;
    }

    public LocationSettingsRequest getLocationSettingsRequest() {
        return this.locationSettingsRequest;
    }

    public void stop() {
        Log.i(TAG, "stop() Stopping location tracking");
        this.mFusedLocationClient.removeLocationUpdates(this.locationCallback);
    }

}

从您的Activity中,您可以通过传递Workable对象来使用它。 Workable对象只不过是一个自定义的Callback对象。

 Wherebouts.instance().onChange(workable);

通过使用像Workable这样的回调,您将在Activity中编写与UI相关的代码,并将使用GPS的喧嚣留给帮助类,如Wherebouts。

    new Workable<GPSPoint>() {
        @Override
        public void work(GPSPoint gpsPoint) {
            // draw something in the UI with this new data
        }
    };

当然,您需要向Android OS请求相应的权限才能使用您的App。 您可以阅读以下文档以获取更多相关信息或进行一些研究。

  • Android参考[https://developer.android.com/training/location/index.html]
  • Wherebouts [http://calculistik.com/Wherebouts.java]
  • GPSPoint [http://calculistik.com/GPSPoint.java]
  • 可行[http://calculistik.com/Workable.java]
Alejandro Pablo Tkachuk answered 2019-09-11T03:49:47Z
14 votes

从这里下载源代码(使用后台服务获取当前位置)

AndroidManifest.xml中

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="servicetutorial.service">

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"></uses-permission>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION"></uses-permission>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION"></uses-permission>

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity"
            android:theme="@android:style/Theme.Translucent.NoTitleBar">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>

        <service android:name=".GoogleService"></service>
    </application>

</manifest>

activity_main.xml中

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:background="#ffffff"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="50dp"
        android:background="#3F51B5"
        android:text="Location using service"
        android:textColor="#ffffff"
        android:textSize="20dp"
        android:gravity="center"/>

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_centerInParent="true"

        android:orientation="vertical">



    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:orientation="horizontal"
        android:layout_height="50dp">

        <TextView
            android:layout_width="150dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="Latitude"
            android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
            android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
            android:textColor="#000000"
            android:textSize="20dp"/>
        <TextView
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text=""
            android:id="@+id/tv_latitude"
            android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
            android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
            android:textColor="#000000"
            android:textSize="20dp"/>


    </LinearLayout>

        <LinearLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:orientation="horizontal"
            android:layout_height="50dp">

            <TextView
                android:layout_width="150dp"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text="Longitude"
                android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
                android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
                android:textColor="#000000"
                android:textSize="20dp"/>
            <TextView
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text=""
                android:id="@+id/tv_longitude"
                android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
                android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
                android:textColor="#000000"
                android:textSize="20dp"/>


        </LinearLayout>

        <LinearLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:orientation="horizontal"
            android:layout_height="50dp">

            <TextView
                android:layout_width="150dp"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text="Address"
                android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
                android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
                android:textColor="#000000"
                android:textSize="20dp"/>
            <TextView
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text=""
                android:id="@+id/tv_address"
                android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
                android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
                android:textColor="#000000"
                android:textSize="20dp"/>


        </LinearLayout>

        <LinearLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:orientation="horizontal"
            android:layout_height="50dp">

            <TextView
                android:layout_width="150dp"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text="Area"
                android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
                android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
                android:textColor="#000000"
                android:textSize="20dp"/>
            <TextView
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text=""
                android:id="@+id/tv_area"
                android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
                android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
                android:textColor="#000000"
                android:textSize="20dp"/>


        </LinearLayout>
        <LinearLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:orientation="horizontal"
            android:layout_height="50dp">

            <TextView
                android:layout_width="150dp"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text="Locality"
                android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
                android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
                android:textColor="#000000"
                android:textSize="20dp"/>
            <TextView
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text=""
                android:id="@+id/tv_locality"
                android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
                android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
                android:textColor="#000000"
                android:textSize="20dp"/>


        </LinearLayout>

    </LinearLayout>

    <Button
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:id="@+id/btn_start"
        android:text="Get Location"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"/>



</RelativeLayout>

MainActivity.java

package servicetutorial.service;

import android.*;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.ActivityManager;
import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.IntentFilter;
import android.content.SharedPreferences;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.location.Address;
import android.location.Geocoder;
import android.preference.PreferenceManager;
import android.renderscript.Double2;
import android.support.v4.app.ActivityCompat;
import android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Locale;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
    Button btn_start;
    private static final int REQUEST_PERMISSIONS = 100;
    boolean boolean_permission;
    TextView tv_latitude, tv_longitude, tv_address,tv_area,tv_locality;
    SharedPreferences mPref;
    SharedPreferences.Editor medit;
    Double latitude,longitude;
    Geocoder geocoder;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        btn_start = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn_start);
        tv_address = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_address);
        tv_latitude = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_latitude);
        tv_longitude = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_longitude);
        tv_area = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.tv_area);
        tv_locality = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.tv_locality);
        geocoder = new Geocoder(this, Locale.getDefault());
        mPref = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(getApplicationContext());
        medit = mPref.edit();


        btn_start.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if (boolean_permission) {

                    if (mPref.getString("service", "").matches("")) {
                        medit.putString("service", "service").commit();

                        Intent intent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), GoogleService.class);
                        startService(intent);

                    } else {
                        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Service is already running", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                    }
                } else {
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Please enable the gps", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                }

            }
        });

        fn_permission();
    }

    private void fn_permission() {
        if ((ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(getApplicationContext(), android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED)) {

            if ((ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(MainActivity.this, android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION))) {


            } else {
                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(MainActivity.this, new String[]{android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION

                        },
                        REQUEST_PERMISSIONS);

            }
        } else {
            boolean_permission = true;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions, int[] grantResults) {
        super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);

        switch (requestCode) {
            case REQUEST_PERMISSIONS: {
                if (grantResults.length > 0 && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                    boolean_permission = true;

                } else {
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Please allow the permission", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

                }
            }
        }
    }

    private BroadcastReceiver broadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
        @Override
        public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {

            latitude = Double.valueOf(intent.getStringExtra("latutide"));
            longitude = Double.valueOf(intent.getStringExtra("longitude"));

            List<Address> addresses = null;

            try {
                addresses = geocoder.getFromLocation(latitude, longitude, 1);
                String cityName = addresses.get(0).getAddressLine(0);
                String stateName = addresses.get(0).getAddressLine(1);
                String countryName = addresses.get(0).getAddressLine(2);

                tv_area.setText(addresses.get(0).getAdminArea());
                tv_locality.setText(stateName);
                tv_address.setText(countryName);



            } catch (IOException e1) {
                e1.printStackTrace();
            }


            tv_latitude.setText(latitude+"");
            tv_longitude.setText(longitude+"");
            tv_address.getText();


        }
    };

    @Override
    protected void onResume() {
        super.onResume();
        registerReceiver(broadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter(GoogleService.str_receiver));

    }

    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();
        unregisterReceiver(broadcastReceiver);
    }


}

GoogleService.java

package servicetutorial.service;

import android.app.Service;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.location.Location;
import android.location.LocationListener;
import android.location.LocationManager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.IBinder;
import android.support.annotation.Nullable;
import android.util.Log;

import java.util.Timer;
import java.util.TimerTask;

/**
 * Created by deepshikha on 24/11/16.
 */

public class GoogleService extends Service implements LocationListener{

    boolean isGPSEnable = false;
    boolean isNetworkEnable = false;
    double latitude,longitude;
    LocationManager locationManager;
    Location location;
    private Handler mHandler = new Handler();
    private Timer mTimer = null;
    long notify_interval = 1000;
    public static String str_receiver = "servicetutorial.service.receiver";
    Intent intent;




    public GoogleService() {

    }

    @Nullable
    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        super.onCreate();

        mTimer = new Timer();
        mTimer.schedule(new TimerTaskToGetLocation(),5,notify_interval);
        intent = new Intent(str_receiver);
//        fn_getlocation();
    }

    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {

    }

    private void fn_getlocation(){
        locationManager = (LocationManager)getApplicationContext().getSystemService(LOCATION_SERVICE);
        isGPSEnable = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
        isNetworkEnable = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

        if (!isGPSEnable && !isNetworkEnable){

        }else {

            if (isNetworkEnable){
                location = null;
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER,1000,0,this);
                if (locationManager!=null){
                    location = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
                    if (location!=null){

                        Log.e("latitude",location.getLatitude()+"");
                        Log.e("longitude",location.getLongitude()+"");

                        latitude = location.getLatitude();
                        longitude = location.getLongitude();
                        fn_update(location);
                    }
                }

            }


            if (isGPSEnable){
                location = null;
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER,1000,0,this);
                if (locationManager!=null){
                    location = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
                    if (location!=null){
                        Log.e("latitude",location.getLatitude()+"");
                        Log.e("longitude",location.getLongitude()+"");
                        latitude = location.getLatitude();
                        longitude = location.getLongitude();
                        fn_update(location);
                    }
                }
            }


        }

    }

    private class TimerTaskToGetLocation extends TimerTask{
        @Override
        public void run() {

            mHandler.post(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    fn_getlocation();
                }
            });

        }
    }

    private void fn_update(Location location){

        intent.putExtra("latutide",location.getLatitude()+"");
        intent.putExtra("longitude",location.getLongitude()+"");
        sendBroadcast(intent);
    }


}

添加此依赖项

compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services:9.4.0'
Deepshikha Puri answered 2019-09-11T03:50:38Z
8 votes

使用:GCM网络管理器

运行此命令以启动即使在重新启动后也将运行的定期任务:

PeriodicTask task = new PeriodicTask.Builder()
    .setService(MyLocationService.class)
    .setTag("periodic")
    .setPeriod(30L)
    .setPersisted(true)
    .build();
mGcmNetworkManager.schedule(task);

然后在onRunTask()中获取当前位置并使用它(在此示例中,最后提交事件以让UI知道找到了位置):

    public void getLastKnownLocation() {
    Location lastKnownGPSLocation;
    Location lastKnownNetworkLocation;
    String gpsLocationProvider = LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER;
    String networkLocationProvider = LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER;

    try {
        locationManager = (LocationManager) App.get().getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

        lastKnownNetworkLocation = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(networkLocationProvider);
        lastKnownGPSLocation = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(gpsLocationProvider);

        if (lastKnownGPSLocation != null) {
            Log.i(TAG, "lastKnownGPSLocation is used.");
            this.mCurrentLocation = lastKnownGPSLocation;
        } else if (lastKnownNetworkLocation != null) {
            Log.i(TAG, "lastKnownNetworkLocation is used.");
            this.mCurrentLocation = lastKnownNetworkLocation;
        } else {
            Log.e(TAG, "lastLocation is not known.");
            return;
        }

        LocationChangedEvent event = new LocationChangedEvent();
        event.setLocation(mCurrentLocation);
        EventHelper.publishEvent(event);

    } catch (SecurityException sex) {
        Log.e(TAG, "Location permission is not granted!");
    }

    return;
}

MyLocationService整体:

public class MyLocationService extends GcmTaskService {
private static final String TAG = MyLocationService.class.getSimpleName();

private LocationManager locationManager;
private Location mCurrentLocation;

public static final String TASK_GET_LOCATION_ONCE="location_oneoff_task";
public static final String TASK_GET_LOCATION_PERIODIC="location_periodic_task";


private static final int RC_PLAY_SERVICES = 123;

@Override
public void onInitializeTasks() {
    // When your package is removed or updated, all of its network tasks are cleared by
    // the GcmNetworkManager. You can override this method to reschedule them in the case of
    // an updated package. This is not called when your application is first installed.
    //
    // This is called on your application's main thread.
    startPeriodicLocationTask(TASK_GET_LOCATION_PERIODIC,
            30L, null);
}

@Override
public int onRunTask(TaskParams taskParams) {
    Log.d(TAG, "onRunTask: " + taskParams.getTag());

    String tag = taskParams.getTag();
    Bundle extras = taskParams.getExtras();
    // Default result is success.
    int result = GcmNetworkManager.RESULT_SUCCESS;

    switch (tag) {
        case TASK_GET_LOCATION_ONCE:
            getLastKnownLocation();
            break;

        case TASK_GET_LOCATION_PERIODIC:
            getLastKnownLocation();
            break;

    }

    return result;
}


public void getLastKnownLocation() {
    Location lastKnownGPSLocation;
    Location lastKnownNetworkLocation;
    String gpsLocationProvider = LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER;
    String networkLocationProvider = LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER;

    try {
        locationManager = (LocationManager) App.get().getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

        lastKnownNetworkLocation = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(networkLocationProvider);
        lastKnownGPSLocation = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(gpsLocationProvider);

        if (lastKnownGPSLocation != null) {
            Log.i(TAG, "lastKnownGPSLocation is used.");
            this.mCurrentLocation = lastKnownGPSLocation;
        } else if (lastKnownNetworkLocation != null) {
            Log.i(TAG, "lastKnownNetworkLocation is used.");
            this.mCurrentLocation = lastKnownNetworkLocation;
        } else {
            Log.e(TAG, "lastLocation is not known.");
            return;
        }

        LocationChangedEvent event = new LocationChangedEvent();
        event.setLocation(mCurrentLocation);
        EventHelper.publishEvent(event);

    } catch (SecurityException sex) {
        Log.e(TAG, "Location permission is not granted!");
    }

    return;
}

public static void startOneOffLocationTask(String tag, Bundle extras) {
    Log.d(TAG, "startOneOffLocationTask");

    GcmNetworkManager mGcmNetworkManager = GcmNetworkManager.getInstance(App.get());
    OneoffTask.Builder taskBuilder = new OneoffTask.Builder()
            .setService(MyLocationService.class)
            .setTag(tag);

    if (extras != null) taskBuilder.setExtras(extras);

    OneoffTask task = taskBuilder.build();
    mGcmNetworkManager.schedule(task);
}

public static void startPeriodicLocationTask(String tag, Long period, Bundle extras) {
    Log.d(TAG, "startPeriodicLocationTask");

    GcmNetworkManager mGcmNetworkManager = GcmNetworkManager.getInstance(App.get());
    PeriodicTask.Builder taskBuilder = new PeriodicTask.Builder()
            .setService(MyLocationService.class)
            .setTag(tag)
            .setPeriod(period)
            .setPersisted(true)
            .setRequiredNetwork(Task.NETWORK_STATE_CONNECTED);

    if (extras != null) taskBuilder.setExtras(extras);

    PeriodicTask task = taskBuilder.build();
    mGcmNetworkManager.schedule(task);
}




public static boolean checkPlayServicesAvailable(Activity activity) {
    GoogleApiAvailability availability = GoogleApiAvailability.getInstance();
    int resultCode = availability.isGooglePlayServicesAvailable(App.get());

    if (resultCode != ConnectionResult.SUCCESS) {
        if (availability.isUserResolvableError(resultCode)) {
            // Show dialog to resolve the error.
            availability.getErrorDialog(activity, resultCode, RC_PLAY_SERVICES).show();
        }
        return false;
    } else {
        return true;
    }
}

同时将这两个添加到AndroidManifest.xml:

 <manifest...
 <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.RECEIVE_BOOT_COMPLETED" />

 <application...
 <service
        android:name=".api.location.MyLocationService"
        android:exported="true"
        android:permission="com.google.android.gms.permission.BIND_NETWORK_TASK_SERVICE">
        <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="com.google.android.gms.gcm.ACTION_TASK_READY" />
        </intent-filter>
    </service>
dorsz answered 2019-09-11T03:51:27Z
7 votes

您必须创建服务。该服务应实现LocationListener。 然后,您必须使用AlarmManager以特定时间限制重复呼叫服务。

我希望这个对你有所帮助:)

user3515851 answered 2019-09-11T03:51:57Z
4 votes

我尝试了我的代码并获得了成功试试这个

package com.mobeyosoft.latitudelongitude;

import android.app.Service;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.location.Location;
import android.location.LocationListener;
import android.location.LocationManager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.IBinder;
import android.util.Log;
import android.widget.Toast;

/**
 * Created by 5943 6417 on 14-09-2016.
 */
public class LocationService extends Service
{
    public static final String BROADCAST_ACTION = "Hello World";
    private static final int TWO_MINUTES = 1000 * 60 * 1;
    public LocationManager locationManager;
    public MyLocationListener listener;
    public Location previousBestLocation = null;

    Context context;

    Intent intent;
    int counter = 0;

    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        super.onCreate();
        intent = new Intent(BROADCAST_ACTION);
        context=this;
    }

    @Override
    public void onStart(Intent intent, int startId) {
        locationManager = (LocationManager) getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
        listener = new MyLocationListener();
        locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 4000, 0, listener);
        locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 4000, 0, listener);
    }

    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent intent){
        return null;
    }

    protected boolean isBetterLocation(Location location, Location currentBestLocation) {
        if (currentBestLocation == null) {
            // A new location is always better than no location
            return true;
        }

        // Check whether the new location fix is newer or older
        long timeDelta = location.getTime() - currentBestLocation.getTime();
        boolean isSignificantlyNewer = timeDelta > TWO_MINUTES;
        boolean isSignificantlyOlder = timeDelta < -TWO_MINUTES;
        boolean isNewer = timeDelta > 0;

        // If it's been more than two minutes since the current location, use the new location
        // because the user has likely moved
        if (isSignificantlyNewer) {
            return true;
            // If the new location is more than two minutes older, it must be worse
        } else if (isSignificantlyOlder) {
            return false;
        }

        // Check whether the new location fix is more or less accurate
        int accuracyDelta = (int) (location.getAccuracy() - currentBestLocation.getAccuracy());
        boolean isLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 0;
        boolean isMoreAccurate = accuracyDelta < 0;
        boolean isSignificantlyLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 200;

        // Check if the old and new location are from the same provider
        boolean isFromSameProvider = isSameProvider(location.getProvider(),
                currentBestLocation.getProvider());

        // Determine location quality using a combination of timeliness and accuracy
        if (isMoreAccurate) {
            return true;
        } else if (isNewer && !isLessAccurate) {
            return true;
        } else if (isNewer && !isSignificantlyLessAccurate && isFromSameProvider) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }



    /** Checks whether two providers are the same */
    private boolean isSameProvider(String provider1, String provider2) {
        if (provider1 == null) {
            return provider2 == null;
        }
        return provider1.equals(provider2);
    }



    @Override
    public void onDestroy() {
        // handler.removeCallbacks(sendUpdatesToUI);
        super.onDestroy();
        Log.v("STOP_SERVICE", "DONE");
        locationManager.removeUpdates(listener);
    }

    public static Thread performOnBackgroundThread(final Runnable runnable) {
        final Thread t = new Thread() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                try {
                    runnable.run();
                } finally {

                }
            }
        };
        t.start();
        return t;
    }




    public class MyLocationListener implements LocationListener{

        public void onLocationChanged(final Location loc)
        {
            Log.i("**********", "Location changed");
            if(isBetterLocation(loc, previousBestLocation)) {
                loc.getLatitude();
                loc.getLongitude();
                Toast.makeText(context, "Latitude" + loc.getLatitude() + "\nLongitude"+loc.getLongitude(),Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                intent.putExtra("Latitude", loc.getLatitude());
                intent.putExtra("Longitude", loc.getLongitude());
                intent.putExtra("Provider", loc.getProvider());
                sendBroadcast(intent);

            }
        }

        public void onProviderDisabled(String provider)
        {
            Toast.makeText( getApplicationContext(), "Gps Disabled", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT ).show();
        }


        public void onProviderEnabled(String provider)
        {
            Toast.makeText( getApplicationContext(), "Gps Enabled", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }


        public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras)
        {

        }

    }
}
MukeshThakur answered 2019-09-11T03:52:21Z
4 votes

借助GoogleApiClient的LocationServices API,我们可以在特定的时间间隔内获取用户/设备的当前位置。 这可以添加到后台服务中,该服务在onLocationChanged回调时更新Activity

只要应用程序存在于内存中并且粘贴到通知抽屉,后台服务就会一直运行。 该服务处理以下功能,

  • 连接到Google LocationServices API
  • 获取当前位置
  • 将结果共享给活动

带位置监听器的服务

 public class LocationMonitoringService extends Service implements
    GoogleApiClient.ConnectionCallbacks, GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener,
    LocationListener {
    ...
    ...
    ...
    @Override
    public int onStartCommand(Intent intent, int flags, int startId) {
    mLocationClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(this)
            .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
            .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
            .addApi(LocationServices.API)
            .build();

    mLocationRequest.setInterval(10000); //10 secs
    mLocationRequest.setFastestInterval(5000); //5 secs


    int priority = LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY; //by default
    //PRIORITY_BALANCED_POWER_ACCURACY, PRIORITY_LOW_POWER, PRIORITY_NO_POWER are the other priority modes


    mLocationRequest.setPriority(priority);
    mLocationClient.connect();

    //Make it stick to the notification panel so it is less prone to get cancelled by the Operating System.
    return START_STICKY;
    }

    @Nullable
    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
        return null;
    }

    /*
    * LOCATION CALLBACKS
    */
    @Override
    public void onConnected(Bundle dataBundle) {
    if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED && ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
        // TODO: Consider calling
        //    ActivityCompat#requestPermissions
        // here to request the missing permissions, and then overriding
        //   public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions,
        //                                          int[] grantResults)
        // to handle the case where the user grants the permission. See the documentation
        // for ActivityCompat#requestPermissions for more details.

        Log.d(TAG, "== Error On onConnected() Permission not granted");
        //Permission not granted by user so cancel the further execution.
        return;
    }
    LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mLocationClient, mLocationRequest, this);

     Log.d(TAG, "Connected to Google API");
     }

    /*
     * Called by Location Services if the connection to the
     * location client drops because of an error.
     */
     @Override
     public void onConnectionSuspended(int i) {
       Log.d(TAG, "Connection suspended");
     }

     @Override
     public void onConnectionFailed(ConnectionResult connectionResult) {
       Log.d(TAG, "Failed to connect to Google API");
     }

     //to get the location change
     @Override
     public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
       Log.d(TAG, "Location changed");

       if (location != null) {               

           //Do something with the location details,             
           if (location != null) {
           //call your API
             callAPI(String.valueOf(location.getLatitude()), String.valueOf(location.getLongitude()));
           }

      }
     }
    }

请参阅完整教程详细的源代码和说明>>

Jayakrishnan PM answered 2019-09-11T03:53:24Z
2 votes

--Kotlin版

package com.ps.salestrackingapp.Services

import android.app.Service
import android.content.Context
import android.content.Intent
import android.location.Location
import android.location.LocationManager
import android.os.Bundle
import android.os.IBinder
import android.util.Log

 class LocationService : Service() {
    private var mLocationManager: LocationManager? = null

    var mLocationListeners = arrayOf(LocationListener(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER), LocationListener(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER))

     class LocationListener(provider: String) : android.location.LocationListener {
        internal var mLastLocation: Location

        init {
            Log.e(TAG, "LocationListener $provider")
            mLastLocation = Location(provider)
        }

        override fun onLocationChanged(location: Location) {
            Log.e(TAG, "onLocationChanged: $location")
            mLastLocation.set(location)
            Log.v("LastLocation", mLastLocation.latitude.toString() +"  " + mLastLocation.longitude.toString())
        }

        override fun onProviderDisabled(provider: String) {
            Log.e(TAG, "onProviderDisabled: $provider")
        }

        override fun onProviderEnabled(provider: String) {
            Log.e(TAG, "onProviderEnabled: $provider")
        }

        override fun onStatusChanged(provider: String, status: Int, extras: Bundle) {
            Log.e(TAG, "onStatusChanged: $provider")
        }
    }

    override fun onBind(arg0: Intent): IBinder? {
        return null
    }

    override fun onStartCommand(intent: Intent?, flags: Int, startId: Int): Int {
        Log.e(TAG, "onStartCommand")
        super.onStartCommand(intent, flags, startId)
        return Service.START_STICKY
    }

    override fun onCreate() {
        Log.e(TAG, "onCreate")
        initializeLocationManager()
        try {
            mLocationManager!!.requestLocationUpdates(
                    LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, LOCATION_INTERVAL.toLong(), LOCATION_DISTANCE,
                    mLocationListeners[1])
        } catch (ex: java.lang.SecurityException) {
            Log.i(TAG, "fail to request location update, ignore", ex)
        } catch (ex: IllegalArgumentException) {
            Log.d(TAG, "network provider does not exist, " + ex.message)
        }

        try {
            mLocationManager!!.requestLocationUpdates(
                    LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, LOCATION_INTERVAL.toLong(), LOCATION_DISTANCE,
                    mLocationListeners[0])
        } catch (ex: java.lang.SecurityException) {
            Log.i(TAG, "fail to request location update, ignore", ex)
        } catch (ex: IllegalArgumentException) {
            Log.d(TAG, "gps provider does not exist " + ex.message)
        }

    }

    override fun onDestroy() {
        Log.e(TAG, "onDestroy")
        super.onDestroy()
        if (mLocationManager != null) {
            for (i in mLocationListeners.indices) {
                try {
                    mLocationManager!!.removeUpdates(mLocationListeners[i])
                } catch (ex: Exception) {
                    Log.i(TAG, "fail to remove location listners, ignore", ex)
                }

            }
        }
    }

    private fun initializeLocationManager() {
        Log.e(TAG, "initializeLocationManager")
        if (mLocationManager == null) {
            mLocationManager = applicationContext.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE) as LocationManager
        }
    }

    companion object {
        private val TAG = "BOOMBOOMTESTGPS"
        private val LOCATION_INTERVAL = 1000
        private val LOCATION_DISTANCE = 0f
    }
}
Syed Hamza Hassan answered 2019-09-11T03:53:47Z
1 votes
import android.app.Service;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.hardware.GeomagneticField;
import android.location.Location;
import android.location.LocationListener;
import android.location.LocationManager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.IBinder;
import android.provider.Settings;
import android.widget.Toast;


public class LocationService extends Service {
    private static final int MINUTES = 1000 * 60 * 2;
    public LocationManager locationManager;
    public MyLocationListener listener;
    public Location previousBestLocation = null;
    Context mContext;
    private boolean isGpsEnabled = false;
    private boolean isNetworkEnabled = false;

    private GeomagneticField geoField;
    private double latitude = 0.0;
    private double longitude = 0.0;


    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        super.onCreate();
        mContext = getApplicationContext();
        if (locationManager == null) {
            locationManager = (LocationManager) mContext.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
        }
        getCurrentLocation();
    }

    private void getCurrentLocation() {
        try {
            assert locationManager != null;
            isGpsEnabled = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
            isNetworkEnabled = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }

        if (!isGpsEnabled && !isNetworkEnabled) {
            showSettingsAlert();
        }
        listener = new MyLocationListener();

        try {
            locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 10000, 0, listener);
            locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 10000, 0, listener);
        } catch (SecurityException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    private void showSettingsAlert() {
        Toast.makeText(mContext, "GPS is disabled in your device. Please Enable it ?", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        Intent intent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_LOCATION_SOURCE_SETTINGS);
        intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
        mContext.startActivity(intent);
    }

    @Override
    public int onStartCommand(Intent intent, int flags, int startId) {
        return START_STICKY;
    }

    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
        return null;
    }

    protected boolean isBetterLocation(Location location, Location currentBestLocation) {
        if (currentBestLocation == null) {
            return true;
        }
        long timeDelta = location.getTime() - currentBestLocation.getTime();
        boolean isSignificantlyNewer = timeDelta > MINUTES;
        boolean isSignificantlyOlder = timeDelta < -MINUTES;
        boolean isNewer = timeDelta > 0;

        if (isSignificantlyNewer) {
            return true;
        } else if (isSignificantlyOlder) {
            return false;
        }

        int accuracyDelta = (int) (location.getAccuracy() - currentBestLocation.getAccuracy());
        boolean isLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 0;
        boolean isMoreAccurate = accuracyDelta < 0;
        boolean isSignificantlyLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 200;
        boolean isFromSameProvider = isSameProvider(location.getProvider(), currentBestLocation.getProvider());
        if (isMoreAccurate) {
            return true;
        } else if (isNewer && !isLessAccurate) {
            return true;
        } else if (isNewer && !isSignificantlyLessAccurate && isFromSameProvider) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }


    private boolean isSameProvider(String provider1, String provider2) {
        if (provider1 == null) {
            return provider2 == null;
        }
        return provider1.equals(provider2);
    }


    @Override
    public void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        locationManager.removeUpdates(listener);
    }

    private void setupFinalLocationData(Location mLocation) {
        if (mLocation != null) {
            geoField = new GeomagneticField(
                    Double.valueOf(mLocation.getLatitude()).floatValue(),
                    Double.valueOf(mLocation.getLongitude()).floatValue(),
                    Double.valueOf(mLocation.getAltitude()).floatValue(),
                    System.currentTimeMillis()
            );

            latitude = mLocation.getLatitude();
            longitude = mLocation.getLongitude();
            //Update latitude and longtitude in SharedPreference...
        }
    }

    public class MyLocationListener implements LocationListener {
        public void onLocationChanged(final Location loc) {
            if (isBetterLocation(loc, previousBestLocation)) {
                setupFinalLocationData(loc);
            }
        }

        public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
        }

        public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
        }

        public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
        }
    }
}
Coldfin Lab answered 2019-09-11T03:54:04Z
0 votes

您可以使用服务和警报管理器对其进行存档,但请注意这一点,因为如果您设置了高优先级,您将耗尽电话的电量,另一方面,您确实需要每分钟通知该位置? 这是因为看到用户位置发生重大变化的唯一方法,就是乘坐汽车或火车。 我只问,因为这将取决于你的应用程序和跟踪的要求。

f3rn4nd000 answered 2019-09-11T03:54:29Z
0 votes

那么创建一个扩展服务的类,这个服务将包含你的位置监听器类(Fused Location Provider)这个服务的目的是定期获取位置,这样的东西

  public class LocationGetter extends Service {


    ......

    public class MyLocationListener implements GooglePlayServicesClient.ConnectionCallbacks,GooglePlayServicesClient.OnConnectionFailedListener,LocationListener, com.google.android.gms.location.LocationListener {

   //your fused Location provider code

    }

    ......

}

然后创建一个扩展广播接收器的类,这样广播接收器的目的是检查服务是否存活如果不重启服务,即使在电话开/关....

在您的活动中注册接收器,收听广播,根据您的需要取消注册接收器...

answered 2019-09-11T03:55:06Z
0 votes

启动服务后,授予ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION,ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION权限

import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.app.Notification;
import android.app.NotificationChannel;
import android.app.NotificationManager;
import android.app.PendingIntent;
import android.app.Service;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.IntentSender;
import android.location.Location;
import android.location.LocationListener;
import android.media.RingtoneManager;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Build;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.IBinder;
import android.os.Looper;
import android.support.annotation.NonNull;
import android.support.annotation.Nullable;
import android.support.v4.app.NotificationCompat;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.util.Log;

import com.google.android.gms.common.ConnectionResult;
import com.google.android.gms.common.GoogleApiAvailability;
import com.google.android.gms.common.api.ApiException;
import com.google.android.gms.common.api.GoogleApiClient;
import com.google.android.gms.common.api.ResolvableApiException;
import com.google.android.gms.location.FusedLocationProviderClient;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationCallback;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationRequest;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationResult;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationServices;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationSettingsRequest;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationSettingsResponse;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationSettingsStatusCodes;
import com.google.android.gms.location.SettingsClient;
import com.google.android.gms.tasks.OnCanceledListener;
import com.google.android.gms.tasks.OnFailureListener;
import com.google.android.gms.tasks.OnSuccessListener;

import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

/**
 * Created by Ketan Ramani on 05/11/18.
 */

public class BackgroundBackgroundLocationUpdateService extends Service implements GoogleApiClient.ConnectionCallbacks, GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener, LocationListener {

    /* Declare in manifest
    <service android:name=".BackgroundBackgroundLocationUpdateService"/>
    */

    private final String TAG = "BackgroundBackgroundLocationUpdateService";
    private final String TAG_LOCATION = "TAG_LOCATION";
    private Context context;
    private boolean stopService = false;

    /* For Google Fused API */
    protected GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;
    protected LocationSettingsRequest mLocationSettingsRequest;
    private String latitude = "0.0", longitude = "0.0";
    private FusedLocationProviderClient mFusedLocationClient;
    private SettingsClient mSettingsClient;
    private LocationCallback mLocationCallback;
    private LocationRequest mLocationRequest;
    private Location mCurrentLocation;
    /* For Google Fused API */

    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        super.onCreate();
        context = this;
    }

    @Override
    public int onStartCommand(Intent intent, int flags, int startId) {
        StartForeground();
        final Handler handler = new Handler();
        final Runnable runnable = new Runnable() {

            @Override
            public void run() {
                try {
                    if (!stopService) {
                        //Perform your task here
                    }

                } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                } finally {
                    if (!stopService) {
                        handler.postDelayed(this, TimeUnit.SECONDS.toMillis(10));
                    }
                }
            }
        };
        handler.postDelayed(runnable, 2000);

        buildGoogleApiClient();

        return START_STICKY;
    }

    @Override
    public void onDestroy() {
        Log.e(TAG, "Service Stopped");
        stopService = true;
        if (mFusedLocationClient != null) {
            mFusedLocationClient.removeLocationUpdates(mLocationCallback);
            Log.e(TAG_LOCATION, "Location Update Callback Removed");
        }
        super.onDestroy();
    }

    @Nullable
    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
        return null;
    }

    private void StartForeground() {
        Intent intent = new Intent(context, MainActivity.class);
        intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP);
        PendingIntent pendingIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(this, 0 /* Request code */, intent, PendingIntent.FLAG_ONE_SHOT);

        String CHANNEL_ID = "channel_location";
        String CHANNEL_NAME = "channel_location";

        NotificationCompat.Builder builder = null;
        NotificationManager notificationManager = (NotificationManager) getApplicationContext().getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.O) {
            NotificationChannel channel = new NotificationChannel(CHANNEL_ID, CHANNEL_NAME, NotificationManager.IMPORTANCE_DEFAULT);
            channel.setLockscreenVisibility(Notification.VISIBILITY_PRIVATE);
            notificationManager.createNotificationChannel(channel);
            builder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(getApplicationContext(), CHANNEL_ID);
            builder.setChannelId(CHANNEL_ID);
            builder.setBadgeIconType(NotificationCompat.BADGE_ICON_NONE);
        } else {
            builder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(getApplicationContext(), CHANNEL_ID);
        }

        builder.setContentTitle("Your title");
        builder.setContentText("You are now online");
        Uri notificationSound = RingtoneManager.getActualDefaultRingtoneUri(this, RingtoneManager.TYPE_NOTIFICATION);
        builder.setSound(notificationSound);
        builder.setAutoCancel(true);
        builder.setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_logo);
        builder.setContentIntent(pendingIntent);
        Notification notification = builder.build();
        startForeground(101, notification);
    }

    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
        Log.e(TAG_LOCATION, "Location Changed Latitude : " + location.getLatitude() + "\tLongitude : " + location.getLongitude());

        latitude = String.valueOf(location.getLatitude());
        longitude = String.valueOf(location.getLongitude());

        if (latitude.equalsIgnoreCase("0.0") && longitude.equalsIgnoreCase("0.0")) {
            requestLocationUpdate();
        } else {
            Log.e(TAG_LOCATION, "Latitude : " + location.getLatitude() + "\tLongitude : " + location.getLongitude());
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onConnected(@Nullable Bundle bundle) {
        mLocationRequest = new LocationRequest();
        mLocationRequest.setInterval(10 * 1000);
        mLocationRequest.setFastestInterval(5 * 1000);
        mLocationRequest.setPriority(LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY);

        LocationSettingsRequest.Builder builder = new LocationSettingsRequest.Builder();
        builder.addLocationRequest(mLocationRequest);
        builder.setAlwaysShow(true);
        mLocationSettingsRequest = builder.build();

        mSettingsClient
                .checkLocationSettings(mLocationSettingsRequest)
                .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<LocationSettingsResponse>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onSuccess(LocationSettingsResponse locationSettingsResponse) {
                        Log.e(TAG_LOCATION, "GPS Success");
                        requestLocationUpdate();
                    }
                }).addOnFailureListener(new OnFailureListener() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(@NonNull Exception e) {
                int statusCode = ((ApiException) e).getStatusCode();
                switch (statusCode) {
                    case LocationSettingsStatusCodes.RESOLUTION_REQUIRED:
                        try {
                            int REQUEST_CHECK_SETTINGS = 214;
                            ResolvableApiException rae = (ResolvableApiException) e;
                            rae.startResolutionForResult((AppCompatActivity) context, REQUEST_CHECK_SETTINGS);
                        } catch (IntentSender.SendIntentException sie) {
                            Log.e(TAG_LOCATION, "Unable to execute request.");
                        }
                        break;
                    case LocationSettingsStatusCodes.SETTINGS_CHANGE_UNAVAILABLE:
                        Log.e(TAG_LOCATION, "Location settings are inadequate, and cannot be fixed here. Fix in Settings.");
                }
            }
        }).addOnCanceledListener(new OnCanceledListener() {
            @Override
            public void onCanceled() {
                Log.e(TAG_LOCATION, "checkLocationSettings -> onCanceled");
            }
        });
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionSuspended(int i) {
        connectGoogleClient();
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionFailed(@NonNull ConnectionResult connectionResult) {
        buildGoogleApiClient();
    }

    protected synchronized void buildGoogleApiClient() {
        mFusedLocationClient = LocationServices.getFusedLocationProviderClient(context);
        mSettingsClient = LocationServices.getSettingsClient(context);

        mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(context)
                .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
                .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
                .addApi(LocationServices.API)
                .build();

        connectGoogleClient();

        mLocationCallback = new LocationCallback() {
            @Override
            public void onLocationResult(LocationResult locationResult) {
                super.onLocationResult(locationResult);
                Log.e(TAG_LOCATION, "Location Received");
                mCurrentLocation = locationResult.getLastLocation();
                onLocationChanged(mCurrentLocation);
            }
        };
    }

    private void connectGoogleClient() {
        GoogleApiAvailability googleAPI = GoogleApiAvailability.getInstance();
        int resultCode = googleAPI.isGooglePlayServicesAvailable(context);
        if (resultCode == ConnectionResult.SUCCESS) {
            mGoogleApiClient.connect();
        }
    }

    @SuppressLint("MissingPermission")
    private void requestLocationUpdate() {
        mFusedLocationClient.requestLocationUpdates(mLocationRequest, mLocationCallback, Looper.myLooper());
    }
}

在活动中

开始服务:getActivity().stopService(new Intent(getActivity(), BackgroundLocationUpdateService.class));

停止服务:getActivity().stopService(new Intent(getActivity(), BackgroundLocationUpdateService.class));

在片段中

开始服务:getActivity().stopService(new Intent(getActivity(), BackgroundLocationUpdateService.class));

停止服务:getActivity().stopService(new Intent(getActivity(), BackgroundLocationUpdateService.class));

Ketan Ramani answered 2019-09-11T03:55:59Z
-1 votes

在LocationChange上获得回调

定义一个接口

public interface LocationCallback {
public void locationChanged(Location location);
}

在您的活动中回调

public static LocationCallback callback;
public void getUserLocation() {

    callback = new LocationCallback() {
        @Override
        public void locationChanged(Location location) {
            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), location.getLatitude() + "," + location.getLongitude(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    };

    Intent service_intent = new Intent(this, GPSService.class);
    startService(service_intent);

}

将onLocationChanged方法更改为

@Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
        Log.e(TAG, "onLocationChanged: " + location);
        MapsActivity.callback.locationChanged(location);
        mLastLocation.set(location);
    }
Ali Akram answered 2019-09-11T03:56:42Z
-1 votes

如需每10分钟跟踪一次该位置(根据要求),请点击此链接它没有任何问题,工作正常

[https://github.com/safetysystemtechnology/location-tracker-background]

Kishore Reddy answered 2019-09-11T03:57:14Z
translate from https://stackoverflow.com:/questions/28535703/best-way-to-get-user-gps-location-in-background-in-android