ios-Swift:如何在devi旋转后刷新UICollectionView布局

我使用UICollectionView(flowlayout)构建简单的布局。使用self.view.frame.width将每个单元格的宽度设置为屏幕的宽度

但是当我旋转设备时,单元格不会更新。

enter image description here

我找到了一个函数,该函数在方向改变时被调用:

override func willRotateToInterfaceOrientation(toInterfaceOrientation: 
  UIInterfaceOrientation, duration: NSTimeInterval) {
    //code
}

但我找不到更新UICollectionView布局的方法

主要代码在这里:

class ViewController: UIViewController , UICollectionViewDelegate , UICollectionViewDataSource , UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout{

    @IBOutlet weak var myCollection: UICollectionView!

    var numOfItemsInSecOne: Int!
    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()

        numOfItemsInSecOne = 8
        // Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.
    }

    override func didReceiveMemoryWarning() {
        super.didReceiveMemoryWarning()
        // Dispose of any resources that can be recreated.
    }

    override func willRotateToInterfaceOrientation(toInterfaceOrientation: UIInterfaceOrientation, duration: NSTimeInterval) {

        //print("orientation Changed")
    }

    func numberOfSectionsInCollectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView) -> Int {
        return 1
    }

    func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, numberOfItemsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
        return numOfItemsInSecOne
    }

    func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, cellForItemAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> UICollectionViewCell {
        let cell = collectionView.dequeueReusableCellWithReuseIdentifier("cellO", forIndexPath: indexPath)

        return cell
    }

    func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> CGSize{
    let itemSize = CGSize(width: self.view.frame.width, height: 100)
    return itemSize
    }}
12个解决方案
59 votes

添加此功能:

override func viewDidLayoutSubviews() {
    super.viewDidLayoutSubviews() 
    myCollection.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
}

更改方向时,将调用此功能。

Khuong answered 2020-01-23T16:14:55Z
46 votes

更好的选择是调用invalidateLayout()而不是reloadData(),因为它不会强制重新创建单元,因此性能会稍好一些:

override func viewWillLayoutSubviews() {
    super.viewWillLayoutSubviews() 
    myCollection.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
}
kelin answered 2020-01-23T16:15:15Z
12 votes

您也可以通过这种方式使其无效。

- (void)viewWillTransitionToSize:(CGSize)size withTransitionCoordinator:(id<UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator>)coordinator {
    [super viewWillTransitionToSize:size withTransitionCoordinator:coordinator];

    [self.collectionView.collectionViewLayout invalidateLayout]; 
}
awuu answered 2020-01-23T16:15:35Z
9 votes

viewWillLayoutSubviews()对我不起作用。 viewDidLayoutSubviews()都没有。 两者都使应用程序陷入无限循环,我使用打印命令进行了检查。

工作的方法之一是

override func viewWillTransition(to size: CGSize, with coordinator: UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator) {
// Reload here
}
The Doctor answered 2020-01-23T16:15:59Z
4 votes

也可以使用更新UICollectionViewLayout traitCollectionDidChange方法:

override func traitCollectionDidChange(_ previousTraitCollection: UITraitCollection?) {
    super.traitCollectionDidChange(previousTraitCollection)

    guard let previousTraitCollection = previousTraitCollections else {
        return
    }
    collectionView?.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
}
birdy answered 2020-01-23T16:16:19Z
3 votes

您可以通过使用更新UICollectionView布局

func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> CGSize {
    if isLandscape {
        return CGSizeMake(yourLandscapeWidth, yourLandscapeHeight)
    }
    else {
        return CGSizeMake(yourNonLandscapeWidth, yourNonLandscapeHeight)
    }
}
Abhinandan Pratap answered 2020-01-23T16:16:39Z
2 votes

我也遇到了一些问题,但随后使用以下方法解决了问题:

override func viewWillTransition(to size: CGSize, with coordinator: UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator) {
        collectionViewFlowLayoutSetup(with: view.bounds.size.width)
        collectionView?.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
        collectionViewFlowLayoutSetup(with: size.width)
    }

    fileprivate func collectionViewFlowLayoutSetup(with Width: CGFloat){

        if let flowLayout = collectionViewLayout as? UICollectionViewFlowLayout {
            flowLayout.estimatedItemSize = CGSize(width: Width, height: 300)
        }

    }
user2698544 answered 2020-01-23T16:16:59Z
2 votes

UICollectionLayout检测到边界变化时,会询问是否需要重新布线无效布局。 您可以直接重写该方法。UICollectionLayout可以在正确的时间调用invalidateLayout方法

class CollectionViewFlowLayout: UICollectionViewFlowLayout{

    /// The default implementation of this method returns false.
    /// Subclasses can override it and return an appropriate value
    /// based on whether changes in the bounds of the collection
    /// view require changes to the layout of cells and supplementary views.
    /// If the bounds of the collection view change and this method returns true,
    /// the collection view invalidates the layout by calling the invalidateLayout(with:) method.
    override func shouldInvalidateLayout(forBoundsChange newBounds: CGRect) -> Bool {

        return (self.collectionView?.bounds ?? newBounds) == newBounds
    }
}
zheng answered 2020-01-23T16:17:19Z
1 votes

我通过在屏幕方向发生变化时设置通知并重新加载根据屏幕方向设置项目大小并为上一个单元格设置索引路径的单元格来解决此问题。 这也适用于flowlayout。 这是我写的代码:

var cellWidthInLandscape: CGFloat = 0 {
    didSet {
        self.collectionView.reloadData()
    }
}

var lastIndex: Int = 0

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()

    collectionView.dataSource = self
    collectionView.delegate = self
    NotificationCenter.default.addObserver(self, selector: #selector(rotated), name: NSNotification.Name.UIDeviceOrientationDidChange, object: nil)
    cellWidthInLandscape = UIScreen.main.bounds.size.width

}
deinit {
    NotificationCenter.default.removeObserver(self)
}
@objc func rotated() {

        // Setting new width on screen orientation change
        cellWidthInLandscape = UIScreen.main.bounds.size.width

       // Setting collectionView to previous indexpath
        collectionView.scrollToItem(at: IndexPath(item: lastIndex, section: 0), at: .right, animated: false)
}
    override func viewWillTransition(to size: CGSize, with coordinator: UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator) {
        NotificationCenter.default.addObserver(self, selector: #selector(rotated), name: NSNotification.Name.UIDeviceOrientationDidChange, object: nil)

}

func scrollViewDidEndDecelerating(_ scrollView: UIScrollView) {

   // Getting last contentOffset to calculate last index of collectionViewCell
    lastIndex = Int(scrollView.contentOffset.x / collectionView.bounds.width)
}

func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> CGSize {
        // Setting new width of collectionView Cell
        return CGSize(width: cellWidthInLandscape, height: collectionView.bounds.size.height)

}
Yubraj Basyal answered 2020-01-23T16:17:39Z
1 votes

致电recalculate并非最佳选择。 尝试首先调用invalidateLayout()方法。

如果遇到recalculate错误,则需要根据新布局验证视图中的所有元素是否都已更改其大小。 (请参见示例代码中的可选步骤)

这是代码,可以帮助您入门。 根据创建UI的方式,您可能必须尝试找到合适的视图来调用2715536267567170170560方法,但这应该可以指导您迈出第一步。

override func viewWillTransition(to size: CGSize, with coordinator: UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator) {

    super.viewWillTransition(to: size, with: coordinator)

    /// (Optional) Additional step 1. Depending on your layout, you may have to manually indicate that the content size of a visible cells has changed
    /// Use that step if you experience the `the behavior of the UICollectionViewFlowLayout is not defined` errors.

    collectionView.visibleCells.forEach { cell in
        guard let cell = cell as? CustomCell else {
            print("`viewWillTransition` failed. Wrong cell type")
            return
        }

        cell.recalculateFrame(newSize: size)

    }

    /// (Optional) Additional step 2. Recalculate layout if you've explicitly set the estimatedCellSize and you'll notice that layout changes aren't automatically visible after the #3

    (collectionView.collectionViewLayout as? CustomLayout)?.recalculateLayout(size: size)


    /// Step 3 (or 1 if none of the above is applicable)

    coordinator.animate(alongsideTransition: { context in
        self.collectionView.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
    }) { _ in
        // code to execute when the transition's finished.
    }

}

/// Example implementations of the `recalculateFrame` and `recalculateLayout` methods:

    /// Within the `CustomCell` class:
    func recalculateFrame(newSize: CGSize) {
        self.frame = CGRect(x: self.bounds.origin.x,
                            y: self.bounds.origin.y,
                            width: newSize.width - 14.0,
                            height: self.frame.size.height)
    }

    /// Within the `CustomLayout` class:
    func recalculateLayout(size: CGSize? = nil) {
        estimatedItemSize = CGSize(width: size.width - 14.0, height: 100)
    }

    /// IMPORTANT: Within the `CustomLayout` class.
    override func shouldInvalidateLayout(forBoundsChange newBounds: CGRect) -> Bool {

        guard let collectionView = collectionView else {
            return super.shouldInvalidateLayout(forBoundsChange: newBounds)
        }

        if collectionView.bounds.width != newBounds.width || collectionView.bounds.height != newBounds.height {
            return true
        } else {
            return false
        }
    }
Michael answered 2020-01-23T16:18:08Z
1 votes

这个对我有用。 这是Objective-C中的代码:

- (void)viewDidLayoutSubviews {
  [super viewDidLayoutSubviews];
  [collectionView.collectionViewLayout invalidateLayout];
}
congpc87 answered 2020-01-23T16:18:28Z
0 votes

我使用以下方法解决了问题

override func viewDidLayoutSubviews() {
        if let flowLayout = collectionView.collectionViewLayout as? UICollectionViewFlowLayout {
            collectionView.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
            collectionView.collectionViewLayout = flowLayout
        }
    }
CrazyPro007 answered 2020-01-23T16:18:48Z
translate from https://stackoverflow.com:/questions/36884376/swift-how-to-refresh-uicollectionview-layout-after-rotation-of-the-device