php-文件下载的HTTP标头

我已经编写了一个PHP脚本来处理文件下载,确定请求哪个文件并设置适当的HTTP标头以触发浏览器实际下载文件(而不是在浏览器中显示文件)。

我现在遇到一个问题,有些用户报告了某些文件被错误标识(因此,无论扩展名如何,浏览器都将其视为GIF图像)。 我猜这是因为我没有在响应标头中设置“ Content-type”。 这种情况最有可能吗? 如果是这样,是否有一个相当通用的类型可以用于所有文件,而不是尝试考虑每种可能的文件类型?

当前,我仅设置值“ Content-disposition:附件; filename = arandomf.ile”

更新:我按照这里的指南建立了一个更健壮的文件下载过程([http://w-shadow.com/blog/2007/08/12/how-to-force-file-download-with-php/ ),],但是在执行脚本和显示浏览器的下载对话框之间有很大的延迟。 谁能找出造成这种情况的瓶颈?

这是我的实现:

/**
 * Outputs the specified file to the browser.
 *
 * @param string $filePath the path to the file to output
 * @param string $fileName the name of the file
 * @param string $mimeType the type of file
 */
function outputFile($filePath, $fileName, $mimeType = '') {
    // Setup
    $mimeTypes = array(
        'pdf' => 'application/pdf',
        'txt' => 'text/plain',
        'html' => 'text/html',
        'exe' => 'application/octet-stream',
        'zip' => 'application/zip',
        'doc' => 'application/msword',
        'xls' => 'application/vnd.ms-excel',
        'ppt' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint',
        'gif' => 'image/gif',
        'png' => 'image/png',
        'jpeg' => 'image/jpg',
        'jpg' => 'image/jpg',
        'php' => 'text/plain'
    );

    $fileSize = filesize($filePath);
    $fileName = rawurldecode($fileName);
    $fileExt = '';

    // Determine MIME Type
    if($mimeType == '') {
        $fileExt = strtolower(substr(strrchr($filePath, '.'), 1));

        if(array_key_exists($fileExt, $mimeTypes)) {
            $mimeType = $mimeTypes[$fileExt];
        }
        else {
            $mimeType = 'application/force-download';
        }
    }

    // Disable Output Buffering
    @ob_end_clean();

    // IE Required
    if(ini_get('zlib.output_compression')) {
        ini_set('zlib.output_compression', 'Off');
    }

    // Send Headers
    header('Content-Type: ' . $mimeType);
    header('Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="' . $fileName . '"');
    header('Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary');
    header('Accept-Ranges: bytes');

    // Send Headers: Prevent Caching of File
    header('Cache-Control: private');
    header('Pragma: private');
    header('Expires: Mon, 26 Jul 1997 05:00:00 GMT');

    // Multipart-Download and Download Resuming Support
    if(isset($_SERVER['HTTP_RANGE'])) {
        list($a, $range) = explode('=', $_SERVER['HTTP_RANGE'], 2);
        list($range) = explode(',', $range, 2);
        list($range, $rangeEnd) = explode('-', $range);

        $range = intval($range);

        if(!$rangeEnd) {
            $rangeEnd = $fileSize - 1;
        }
        else {
            $rangeEnd = intval($rangeEnd);
        }

        $newLength = $rangeEnd - $range + 1;

        // Send Headers
        header('HTTP/1.1 206 Partial Content');
        header('Content-Length: ' . $newLength);
        header('Content-Range: bytes ' . $range - $rangeEnd / $size);
    }
    else {
        $newLength = $size;
        header('Content-Length: ' . $size);
    }

    // Output File
    $chunkSize = 1 * (1024*1024);
    $bytesSend = 0;

    if($file = fopen($filePath, 'r')) {
        if(isset($_SERVER['HTTP_RANGE'])) {
            fseek($file, $range);

            while(!feof($file) && !connection_aborted() && $bytesSend < $newLength) {
                $buffer = fread($file, $chunkSize);
                echo $buffer;
                flush();
                $bytesSend += strlen($buffer);
            }

            fclose($file);
        }
    }
}
Wilco asked 2020-02-02T08:43:10Z
3个解决方案
48 votes

如Alex的链接所述,您可能在Content-Type的顶部缺少标题Content-Disposition

所以像这样:

Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="MyFileName.ext"
HoldOffHunger answered 2020-02-02T08:44:01Z
37 votes

根据RFC 2046(多用途Internet邮件扩展):

建议的动作   实现收到
“应用程序/八位字节流”实体为   简单地提出将数据放入   一份文件

所以我会去那个。

Greg answered 2020-02-02T08:43:36Z
5 votes

您可以尝试此强制下载脚本。 即使您不使用它,也可能会为您指明正确的方向:

<?php

$filename = $_GET['file'];

// required for IE, otherwise Content-disposition is ignored
if(ini_get('zlib.output_compression'))
  ini_set('zlib.output_compression', 'Off');

// addition by Jorg Weske
$file_extension = strtolower(substr(strrchr($filename,"."),1));

if( $filename == "" ) 
{
  echo "<html><title>eLouai's Download Script</title><body>ERROR: download file NOT SPECIFIED. USE force-download.php?file=filepath</body></html>";
  exit;
} elseif ( ! file_exists( $filename ) ) 
{
  echo "<html><title>eLouai's Download Script</title><body>ERROR: File not found. USE force-download.php?file=filepath</body></html>";
  exit;
};
switch( $file_extension )
{
  case "pdf": $ctype="application/pdf"; break;
  case "exe": $ctype="application/octet-stream"; break;
  case "zip": $ctype="application/zip"; break;
  case "doc": $ctype="application/msword"; break;
  case "xls": $ctype="application/vnd.ms-excel"; break;
  case "ppt": $ctype="application/vnd.ms-powerpoint"; break;
  case "gif": $ctype="image/gif"; break;
  case "png": $ctype="image/png"; break;
  case "jpeg":
  case "jpg": $ctype="image/jpg"; break;
  default: $ctype="application/force-download";
}
header("Pragma: public"); // required
header("Expires: 0");
header("Cache-Control: must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0");
header("Cache-Control: private",false); // required for certain browsers 
header("Content-Type: $ctype");
// change, added quotes to allow spaces in filenames, by Rajkumar Singh
header("Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=\"".basename($filename)."\";" );
header("Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary");
header("Content-Length: ".filesize($filename));
readfile("$filename");
exit();
OIS answered 2020-02-02T08:44:21Z
translate from https://stackoverflow.com:/questions/386845/http-headers-for-file-downloads