C ++-无法解析的外部符号LNK2019

首先,我知道这个问题遍及整个网站,但我已经查看了几乎所有问题,似乎无法找出问题所在。 这是VS2012。谢谢。

//Socket.h
#pragma once

#include <iostream>
#include <WinSock2.h>

using namespace std;

const int STRLEN = 256;

class Socket
{
    protected:
        WSADATA wsaData;
        SOCKET mySocket;
        SOCKET myBackup;
        SOCKET acceptSocket;
        sockaddr_in myAddress;
    public:
        Socket();
        ~Socket();
        bool SendData( char* );
        bool RecvData( char*, int );
        void CloseConnection();
        void GetAndSendMessage();
};

class ServerSocket : public Socket
{
    public:
        void Listen();
        void Bind( int port );
        void StartHosting( int port );
};

class ClientSocket : public Socket
{
    public:
        void ConnectToServer( const char *ipAddress, int port );
};

这是Socket.cpp

//Socket.cpp


#include "stdafx.h"
#include "Socket.h"


Socket::Socket()
{
    if( WSAStartup( MAKEWORD(2, 2), &wsaData ) != NO_ERROR )
    {
        cerr<<"Socket Initialization: Error with WSAStartup\n";
        system("pause");
        WSACleanup();
        exit(10);
    }

    //Create a socket
    mySocket = socket( AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP );

    if ( mySocket == INVALID_SOCKET )
    {
        cerr<<"Socket Initialization: Error creating socket"<<endl;
        system("pause");
        WSACleanup();
        exit(11);
    }

    myBackup = mySocket;
}

Socket::~Socket()
{
    WSACleanup();
}

bool Socket::SendData( char *buffer )
{
    send( mySocket, buffer, strlen( buffer ), 0 );
    return true;
}

bool Socket::RecvData( char *buffer, int size )
{
    int i = recv( mySocket, buffer, size, 0 );
    buffer[i] = '\0';
    return true;
}

void Socket::CloseConnection()
{
    //cout<<"CLOSE CONNECTION"<<endl;
    closesocket( mySocket );
    mySocket = myBackup;
}

void Socket::GetAndSendMessage()
{
    char message[STRLEN];
    cin.ignore();//without this, it gets the return char from the last cin and ignores the following one!
    cout<<"Send > ";
    cin.get( message, STRLEN );
    SendData( message );
}

void ServerSocket::StartHosting( int port )
{
     Bind( port );
     Listen();
}

void ServerSocket::Listen()
{
    //cout<<"LISTEN FOR CLIENT..."<<endl;

    if ( listen ( mySocket, 1 ) == SOCKET_ERROR )
    {
        cerr<<"ServerSocket: Error listening on socket\n";
        system("pause");
        WSACleanup();
        exit(15);
    }

    //cout<<"ACCEPT CONNECTION..."<<endl;

    acceptSocket = accept( myBackup, NULL, NULL );
    while ( acceptSocket == SOCKET_ERROR )
    {
        acceptSocket = accept( myBackup, NULL, NULL );
    }
    mySocket = acceptSocket;
}

void ServerSocket::Bind( int port )
{
    myAddress.sin_family = AF_INET;
    myAddress.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr( "0.0.0.0" );
    myAddress.sin_port = htons( port );

    //cout<<"BIND TO PORT "<<port<<endl;

    if ( bind ( mySocket, (SOCKADDR*) &myAddress, sizeof( myAddress) ) == SOCKET_ERROR )
    {
        cerr<<"ServerSocket: Failed to connect\n";
        system("pause");
        WSACleanup();
        exit(14);
    }
}

void ClientSocket::ConnectToServer( const char *ipAddress, int port )
{
    myAddress.sin_family = AF_INET;
    myAddress.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr( ipAddress );
    myAddress.sin_port = htons( port );

    //cout<<"CONNECTED"<<endl;

    if ( connect( mySocket, (SOCKADDR*) &myAddress, sizeof( myAddress ) ) == SOCKET_ERROR )
    {
        cerr<<"ClientSocket: Failed to connect\n";
        system("pause");
        WSACleanup();
        exit(13);
    } 

}

这是stdafx.h

#pragma once

#include "targetver.h"

#define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN             // Exclude rarely-used stuff from Windows headers
// Windows Header Files:
#include <windows.h>

// C RunTime Header Files
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <memory.h>
#include <tchar.h>


// TODO: reference additional headers your program requires here
#include "Socket.h"

这是我的错误消息:

1>------ Build started: Project: Client, Configuration: Debug Win32 ------
1>  stdafx.cpp
1>  Socket.cpp
1>  Client.cpp
1>  Generating Code...
1>Socket.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__accept@12 referenced in function "public: void __thiscall ServerSocket::Listen(void)" (?Listen@ServerSocket@@QAEXXZ)
1>Socket.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__bind@12 referenced in function "public: void __thiscall ServerSocket::Bind(int)" (?Bind@ServerSocket@@QAEXH@Z)
1>Socket.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__closesocket@4 referenced in function "public: void __thiscall Socket::CloseConnection(void)" (?CloseConnection@Socket@@QAEXXZ)
1>Socket.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__connect@12 referenced in function "public: void __thiscall ClientSocket::ConnectToServer(char const *,int)" (?ConnectToServer@ClientSocket@@QAEXPBDH@Z)
1>Socket.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__htons@4 referenced in function "public: void __thiscall ServerSocket::Bind(int)" (?Bind@ServerSocket@@QAEXH@Z)
1>Socket.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__inet_addr@4 referenced in function "public: void __thiscall ServerSocket::Bind(int)" (?Bind@ServerSocket@@QAEXH@Z)
1>Socket.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__listen@8 referenced in function "public: void __thiscall ServerSocket::Listen(void)" (?Listen@ServerSocket@@QAEXXZ)
1>Socket.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__recv@16 referenced in function "public: bool __thiscall Socket::RecvData(char *,int)" (?RecvData@Socket@@QAE_NPADH@Z)
1>Socket.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__send@16 referenced in function "public: bool __thiscall Socket::SendData(char *)" (?SendData@Socket@@QAE_NPAD@Z)
1>Socket.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__socket@12 referenced in function "public: __thiscall Socket::Socket(void)" (??0Socket@@QAE@XZ)
1>Socket.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__WSAStartup@8 referenced in function "public: __thiscall Socket::Socket(void)" (??0Socket@@QAE@XZ)
1>Socket.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__WSACleanup@0 referenced in function "public: __thiscall Socket::Socket(void)" (??0Socket@@QAE@XZ)
1>C:\Users\ajayp_000\documents\visual studio 2012\Projects\Client\Debug\Client.exe : fatal error LNK1120: 12 unresolved externals
========== Build: 0 succeeded, 1 failed, 0 up-to-date, 0 skipped ==========
3个解决方案
103 votes

问题是您没有链接到Ws2_32.lib库。 要解决此问题,您可以将其添加到项目的链接器/输入设置的其他依赖项选项卡中。 另外(如SChepurin在评论中指出的那样),您可以添加

#pragma comment(lib, "Ws2_32.lib")

到项目的源文件。

drescherjm answered 2020-08-11T20:02:50Z
3 votes

另一种方法是在Visual Studio中的项目中单击鼠标右键,然后转到以下路径并在其中添加“ Ws2_32.lib”。链接器>输入>其他依赖项

在此处输入图片说明

eliasetm answered 2020-08-11T20:03:14Z
0 votes

runtimeobject.lib添加到链接器的其他依赖关系(在项目属性页中的链接器->输入下)。

yoel halb answered 2020-08-11T20:03:34Z
translate from https://stackoverflow.com:/questions/16948064/unresolved-external-symbol-lnk2019